With countries around the globe desperately seeking a resolution for the hastening threat of climate change, now more than ever technologies can play a major role in making the world go greener.
The digital technologies, like the Internet of Things and Machine Learning, offer great solutions.
Digital transformation does not only allow companies to enhance their efficiency and productivity but it also helps organisations and governments to achieve their sustainability goals and contribute to the environmental conversation on a global level.
From reducing CO2 emissions to saving bees, here are some of the sustainable solutions powered by digitalisation.
1. Sustainable Marine Life
With two-thirds of our planet being covered with water, leveraging digital technologies to connect the oceans and tackle various issues like pollution, overfishing & endangered sea life is imperative. By using location tracking and geofencing capabilities, organisations can study the movement of floating plastic pollution to get a clear picture of drift patterns and how plastic debris is affected by the complex interaction of wind, currents and tides. Additionally, this can help clean-up operations to be more targeted and efficient.
Also, IoT is now being used to more accurately monitor our marine friends. Gathering data about aquatic animals like their temperature, pressure, heart rate, light/fluorescence, magnetic signatures, and acceleration empowers scientific understanding, conservation efforts and ecological management. By collecting and disseminating animal population data more quickly, we can avoid overexploitation and prevent illegal fishing.
2. Cleaner Air
Air pollution can cause a variety of diseases - from chronic and respiratory problems like asthma to fatal diseases as lung cancer. Digital technologies, like IoT, provide tools that can identify sources of air pollution quickly and accurately.
Using smart sensors, relevant authorities can detect the source of a gas leak in an industry more quickly and apply remedial measures effectively.
Also, sensors can be scattered across cities, from bicycles and public transport to street furniture, providing a deeper insight into air quality levels. This allows faster decision making in near real time, such as altering traffic routes in certain weather conditions and gives citizens a clear understanding of the pollution levels of the environment they are living in.
In addition, sensors inside company buildings can provide organisations with data like temperature, carbon dioxide, humidity and barometric pressure. This can help organisations get a better view of air quality inside and outside of the building and figure out the causes of contamination.
Finally, IoT can help reduce air pollution in the automotive sector. The technologies enable autonomous cars to be fuel-efficient.
3. Smart Water Conservation
Water is at the core of sustainable development and is critical for socio-economic development and healthy ecosystems. We now have the opportunity to leverage digitalisation to streamline water management.
Installing smart meters in homes and businesses can enable the owners to monitor their water usage more easily and get notified if they are using too much of it.
In addition, by integrating smart sensors into water mains and pipes, the relevant authorities will instantly detect leaks unseen to the human eye and make the necessary repairs before it’s too late.
IoT can also help reduce water consumption through smart irrigation systems using the environmental data and data coming from humidity, moisture and rain forecast sensors. For example, the data about moisture is relayed to the smart sparkle system by sensors allowing sprinklers to add just the right amount of water needed for plants to flourish - no more, no less.
4. Green Energy Production
Another way digitalisation can help with sustainability is energy saving. Digital applications in energy systems collect live data on electricity consumption, which electricity companies use to improve the way they create and distribute energy. This allows them to anticipate the electricity demand for an entire city or industry and build data-driven optimisation strategy.
Smart grid technologies will give energy providers an in-depth insight into power usage and enable real-time adjustments to increase efficiency. All this should ultimately decrease the Kw price of energy and enable us to save a vast amount of energy.
On top of this, applying digital machinery to existing practices can maximise the benefits of sustainable renewable energy methods like solar panels, wind turbines and hydroelectricity making them more efficient and cost-effective.
Finally, smart sensors combined with IoT platform and data visualisation tools let people get a better understanding of their household energy usage and adjust it accordingly.
5. Sustainable Agriculture
Another major issue is soil pollution. Again, this is where digitalisation jumps to the rescue. Application of digital technologies for environmental sustainability includes methods to monitor crops and soil and bring crop production to a whole new level while having a low impact on the environment.
By attaching smart monitoring devices to crops and each new plant or a tree, relevant authorities can track parameters like hydration, plant nutrition and diseases in real-time, detect anomalies and resolve them immediately. As mentioned above, by using this data combined with smart water use, farmers can determine irrigation patterns and recommend the best watering cycle.
On top of this, digitalisation of agriculture can reduce labour costs and reduce the manpower needed for any particular job, thus allowing people to enjoy healthier foods and cheaper produce in grocery stores. Overall, digitalisation has the power to transform traditional agriculture practices and boost the quality of life for future generations.
6.The Internet of Bees
A recent sudden decline of the key protagonists in maintaining biodiversity in an ecosystem, honey bees, has had a serious impact on farming. Digital technologies can address these challenges by providing us with deep insight into hives before problems arise. By placing sensors inside a hive, beekeepers can track and monitor conditions and track the health inside it. Sensors collect the temperature, send it to the Cloud and the system automatically alerts the beekeeper if an issue arises.
Ultimately, the collected data allows farmers and researchers to detect issues that affect bee behaviour and resolve them before the pollination of crops further declines. There is a mystery that surrounds the loss of beehives. To reverse the catastrophe it is now more important than ever to use the power of digital technologies and do whatever it takes to preserve the future of these critical pollinators.
7. Sustainable Wildlife Management
The world’s eyes are increasingly turned to the safeguarding of endangered species and digitalisation is proving to be a game-changer here as well. Taking into account that poaching is indiscriminate, technology can undoubtedly be put to good use. It can provide real-time data to help monitor, manage and even predict outcomes of the next poaching strike. By combining animal sensors technologies with an IoT platform, game reserves can effectively deploy solutions to enable protection programs to capitalise.
The data coming from sensors is sent to the Cloud which then brings it to the ranger’s mobile phone in the field or a game reserve command and control centre. Leveraging geofencing capabilities they can foretell a breach in a game reserve fence. They can also track inclement weather and a sudden acceleration of an animal. All of these tactics can help preservationists fight illegal poaching and preserve organisms that play a major role in maintaining biodiversity and standardisation of natural ecosystems.
Reach Sustainability Goals through Digitalisation Powered by WolkAbout
Here at WolkAbout we nurture environmental and social values. We are fully aware that answers to global problems are grounded in two powerful forces: innovation and human ingenuity. With this in mind, we are focused on helping the emerging connected world become a cleaner, more sustainable place. Our WolkAbout IoT Platform is a key enabler, the core that binds all the components of your sustainable digital solution together. From green energy production to sustainable wildlife, WolkAbout can help you triumph in your efforts to make the world more liveable and sustainable for future generations.
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